One of the final presenters, called to “connect the dots” on what we’ve been learning at Pastorum is Peter Enns. I spent some time with Pete earlier in the day and will report on that tomorrow, but in this post, I will follow along and live-blog while he does his presentation. Pete has just taken a position at Eastern University and has been working with BioLogos throughout this past year.
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Ancient Near Eastern ideology has concept of the cosmic battle through which order is brought to chaos and the true king is named.
The story of Exodus is not so much about Moses v. Pharaoh but about the cosmic battle between Yahweh v. the gods of Egypt. (Ex. 12:12)
The issue = whom will Israel ‘avad (worship, serve)? Will they “serve” Pharaoh and thus the gods of Egypt? Or will they “worship” Yahweh at the mountain. The Exodus is not just a story of liberation but of whom Israel will serve.
The cosmic battle motif informs the Gospel portrayal of Jesus in Mark 1-6.
- Mark 1:12-13 — Battle with Satan
- Mark 1-6 — Power over unclean spirits manifested in caring for the downtrodden and setting them free from sin, sickness, death (1:27 – “What is this?”)
- Mark 4:35-41 — Jesus power over the sea (imagery from creation, Red Sea, Psalms) (4:41 – “Who is this?”)
- Mark 6 — Feeding crowds in wilderness (who need shepherd) and walking on water.
Jesus is the King, who defeated the forces of evil and brings order out of chaos, setting the captives free.